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Privacy Policy

Our Privacy Policy

Your privacy is important to Nova CSS Academy. So we’ve developed a Privacy Policy that covers how we collect, use, disclose, transfer, and store your information. Please take a moment to familiarize yourself with our privacy practices.

Collection and Use of Personal Information

Personal information is data that can be used to uniquely identify or contact a single person.

You may be asked to provide your personal information anytime you are in contact with Nova. Nova and its affiliates may share this personal information with each other and use it consistent with this Privacy Policy. They may also combine it with other information to provide and improve our products, services, content, and advertising.

Here are some examples of the types of personal information Nova may collect and how we may use it.

What personal information we collect

  • When you create Nova ID, download notes, register for a class at Nova CSS Academy, or participate in an online survey, we may collect a variety of information, including your name, mailing address, phone number, email address, contact preferences, and credit card information.
  • When you share your content with family and friends using Nova's website or invite others to join you on Nova forums, we may collect the information you provide about those people such as name, mailing address, email address, and phone number.

How we use your personal information

  • The personal information we collect allows us to keep you posted on Nova's latest product, announcements, academic updates, and upcoming events. It also helps us to improve our services, content, and advertising.
  • We also use personal information to help us develop, deliver, and improve our products, services, content, and advertising.
  • From time to time, we may use your personal information to send important notices, such as communications about purchases and changes to our terms, conditions, and policies. Because this information is important to your interaction with Nova, you may not opt out of receiving these communications.
  • We may also use personal information for internal purposes such as auditing, data analysis, and research to improve Nova's products, services, and customer communications.

Collection and Use of Non-Personal Information

We also collect non-personal information − data in a form that does not permit direct association with any specific individual. We may collect, use, transfer, and disclose non-personal information for any purpose. The following are some examples of non-personal information that we collect and how we may use it:

  • We may collect information such as occupation, language, zip code, area code, unique device identifier, location, and the time zone where our website is used so that we can better understand customer behavior and improve our products, services, and advertising.
  • We may  also collect information regarding customer activities on our website, and from our other products and services. This information is aggregated and used to help us provide more useful information to our customers and to understand which parts of our website, products, and services are of most interest. Aggregated data is considered non-personal information for the purposes of this Privacy Policy.

Protection of Personal Information

Nova takes precautions — including administrative, technical, and physical measures — to safeguard your personal information against loss, theft, and misuse, as well as against unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, and destruction.

When you use some applications or post on Nova forum, chat room, or social networking service, the personal information you share is visible to other users and can be read, collected, or used by them. You are responsible for the personal information you choose to submit in these instances. For example, if you list your name and email address in a forum posting, that information is public. Please take care when using these features.

Our Companywide Commitment to Your Privacy

To make sure your personal information is secure, we communicate our privacy and security guidelines to Nova employees and strictly enforce privacy safeguards within the academy establishment. However, Nova does not take any responsibility if the website is hacked and the information of any customer is misused.


Bentham claims in his Principles to have developed a genuinely scientific comprehension of the nature of pleasure. Pleasure, he argues, may be said to be of lesser or greater value depending upon certain measurable variables such as intensity, duration, richness, and so on. One pleasure, for example, may be more intense than another, but of shorter duration. Another pleasure may be of great duration, but lack fruitfulness, that is, the capacity to generate other subordinate pleasures. Moreover, as Epicurus had also noted, pleasures are often accompanied by pain (the pleasure of eating, for example, may be followed by the pain of stomachache) and some pleasures are more apt to be accompanied by pain than others. Knowing these variables (and Bentham analyses them in great detail) we are able to determine whether any act is good simply by adding up the various variables of pleasure produced by the act and subtracting the accompanying pains. If the sum of pleasure is greater than the sum of pain, and greater than the sum of any pleasure produced by a different act, the act is good; if the sum is less, the act is bad. And just as we can apply this form of analysis to any individual act, so too can we apply it to political or legislative acts that affect the whole community. We need only to add to our "calculus of pleasure" the extent, or number, of people affected by the act. Thus Bentham defined as the "fundamental axiom" of his philosophy, the principle that: "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong”. On the basis of this fundamental principle about the determination of right and wrong, he advocated for individual and economic freedoms, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression and equal rights for women.

Clearly, Bentham has reduced ethics to mathematics. But it is important to recognise that Bentham's calculus works only so long as two assumptions hold. We must assume first that the ethical is identical to the pleasurable, and second that the pleasurable can be defined in strictly quantitative terms such that any pleasure can be mathematically compared to any other. Modem liberalism evolves out of a rejection of these two assumptions. The idea that all pleasures are equally quantifiable is rejected first and, eventually, the principle of utility itself is jettisoned. (396 Words)

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